Countries (1938)The January 1938 issue of QST did show a revised countries-list.The list of countries of 1937 was intended to be used by DX men who liked to keep track of the number of countries they had worked. It was noticed that the average amateur was pleased to have a "yardstick" with which to measure his (or her) DX accomplishments, and the comments ARRL did receive were favorable and constructive.It was recognized, of course, that there had been a few omissions, and that some revision had to be done. With this thought in mind, ARRL studied the comments they had on hand, discussed the list at length with representative DX men, got the west-coast slant by collaboration with W6QD, checked with several geographical authorities, and finally arrived at the list showed in January 1938, QST. And again ARRL asked for comments. The DXCC MembersIn the DX Century Club members list of April 1938, QST (page 57) all 75-or-more calls where listed. This list was special, because the DXCC membership number was showed for the first time. Now it was clear. Mister Frank Lucas W8CRA, did get Prewar DXCC Number ONE.The table on the right shows the DXCC list of June 1938 (page 48), sorted on DXCC membership number. The table shows only 29 calls, who did have shown 100 or more countries confirmed. The list shows only Americans and some European stations, who reached the 100-countries-Confirmed line..The "75 and more" list did show additional 66 stations trying to get the needed 100 countries to become a member.In September 1938, the first ham from the Netherlands made the 100-country-line. The DXCC list in QST did now grow a bit faster as during the first year 1937.Pacific Islands Prefix ChangesAt the end of 1938 the F.C.C. started to assign new Pacific Island prefixes, and of course this was printed in the December 1938, Issue of QST (page 49) Here are all the possession prefixes:K4Puerto RicoKB4Virgin IslandsK5Canal ZoneK6Territory of HawaiiKAPhilippine IslandsKB6GuamKC6Wake groupKD6Midway IslandsKE6Johnston IslandKF6Baker Island, Howland Island, Am. Phoenix IslandsKG6Jarvis Island, Palmyra groupKH6America SamoaK7Alaska (including Pribilof Islands)DXCC members end 1938End 1938, the list of DXCC members did go up to 80. The list was sorted on confirmed countries, and G6WY(5) was the first in the list with 140 confirmed countries.On this 1938 Prewar Annual list, with DXCC-Number 70, was a ham from Orangeburg, South Carolina, who became the very famous "Coca Cola Man". Yes, you are right; Mister Gus Browning, W4BPD.The DXCC members list of 1938 (above) is sorted on Member Number.The list did show also the deserving, trying to get the needed confirmations. Three of them were from the Netherlands. And besides some well-known U.S.A. stations like Don Wallace, W6AM, with 75 confirmed countries, the list showed also some DX calls, like SU1TW, J2JJ (Japan), ZS2X, FB8AB, etc.FB8AB, a station from Madagascar (now 5R8) became famous during the end of 1938, when he went on a visit to St. Paul Island (now FT5Z) in the Indian Ocean to do some work. His ship got in troubles at St. Paul, and this voyage for duty became a disaster. The story of his rescue was printed in QST of February 1939.NO DXCC Phone in 1938At the end of 1938 there was NO DXCC "phone only" issued. The 75-or-more list did show ONLY one "phone" applicant, W2IXY, Dorothy Hall from Long Island, New York. She was a well known XYL in those days.Dorothy played an important role in the "rescue" of the Pitcairn Island people. In 1938, Pitcairn was in trouble because of the rumors there was a Typhoid going on. Ships were advised to keep away from Pitcairn. Dorothy did get in touch with VR6AY, Andrew Young to get the supply delivery solved. There was NO Typhoid on Pitcairn. Andrew Young was the first Ham on Pitcairn.It was Dorothy also, who made the GHE Expedition in 1948, possible. Dorothy convinced Commander Attilio Gatti, a famous African explorer, that ham radio was the best connection with homeland America.Some DXCC rules changing's in 1938The December 1938 issue of QST showed also the changed DXCC rules. The most important changing's are printed below.•In cases of countries where amateurs are licensed in the normal manner, credit may be claimed only for stations using regular government-assigned call letters. This shall not militate against claimed credits for contacts prior to publication of this section that might otherwise have been claimed earlier.•In submitting confirmations they should be accompanied by a list of claimed countries and stations representing each country to aid in checking and for future reference after your confirmations have been returned to you.WAC awards issued in 1938in 1938 ARRL did sent out 938 W.A.C. awards. Most applications came from the United Kingdom (95), followed by Belgium (36) and Germany (23). And 16 awards went to hams in the Netherlands 10 of them in CW and 6 for AM contacts. The Countries-List printed in the January 1939 issue of QST did have 249 entries. Some countries (49) on this list did not have an official prefix. There was probably no ham in that country active on the amateur bands.
FB8AB-FB8CF. Paul Bour FB8AB was also FB8C in 1935. And, he signed XFB8AB (maritime mobile) at St. Paul Island, Indian Ocean. The ship he was on was marooned on the island. His QST for help was heard on the morning of December 18, 1938 by W7DWG, Bremerton, Washington. W7DWG alerted radio station NPG and the U.S. Coast Guard at Seattle. W6OMR worked XFB8AB the day and heard the story. This started a chain of events that eventually sent a French rescue ship steaming from Madagascar to St. Paul Island. You can read the details in the February 1939 issue of QST.